The United Nations and International Democracy: The Quest for UN Reform
Hans Köchler writes in his essay, The United Nations and International Democracy: The Quest for UN Reform, available at http://www.hanskoechler.com:
In 1945, the founders of the United Nations envisaged an international order to be guaranteed by the victorious powers of World War II. For half a century the world organization has been tied to the power balance of 1945. Any question of UN reform therefore has to address the question as to whether the global constellation at the turn of the millennium is still the same as when the organization was founded, and if not, in what respect ( or in what direction ( it has changed. Common sense tells us that after the end of the bipolar system of the Cold War and since the emergence of new regional powers that did not yet exist as sovereign entities when the United Nations Organization was founded, a completely new scene of international actors has arisen, one which must be assessed with regard to each country’s right to be adequately represented in the international decision-making processes.